Final Essay #2
As one of the world’s finest and death defining wars that ever existed took place, we witnessed epic battles on the “famous fronts” (“The Western Front, The Eastern Front, The Gallipoli Front, The Italian Front, The Palestine Front, and The Mesopotamian Front”). [http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/index.htm]. But of all of the six fronts of the First World War, the most famous front is The Western front. The Western Front came into such a significant use and help for the Allied Powers (mainly consisting of France, Great Britain, United States, Russia, Italy, and Japan) who were fighting against the seemingly villainous Central Powers (mainly consisting of Austria-Hungary, Germany, Bulgaria, and Turkey).
Winning Belgium, which is part of the allies, won The Battle of Liege, signifying not only the first battle on The Western Front but the first land battle of the war; against central power Germany. It was the primary moral victory for the allies. After the same battle, every single man was wounded and most was unconscious. Even General Leman was hurt but the commander went up to him and said (“General, you have gallantly and nobly held your forts.” Then General Leman replied: “I thank you. Our troops have lived up to their reputations.””) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/fallofliege.htm%5D. That just proved how tough the Allies (the Belgians in this case) were being able to fight with one hundred men and still come out on top. Then there was another battle that demonstrated toughness and morale. Following the Allies win at The First Battle of the Marne, French Army commander in chief Joseph Joffre said in his report to the Minister of War that (“Our troops, as well as those of our Allies, are admirable in morale, endurance, and ardour. The pursuit will be continued with all our energy.”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/marne_joffrereport.htm]. The Allies showed a lot of heart winning many important battles when it counted the most.
Even when they lost, it seemed that the Western Front was such an important part of the Allied war effort. For example, during the Battle of the Frontiers, in an attempt to recapture Alsace and Lorraine, France was easily demolished by German forces. The French were mainly involved in four of the five battles and lost all of them (“The Battle of Mulhouse, the Invasion of Lorraine, the Battle of the Ardennes, and the Battle of Charleroi”). [http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/frontiers.htm] The fifth battle which was The Battle of Mons mainly involved the British instead of the French on the allied side. The French mainly lost due to the Germans knowing the French’s Plan XVII (“which therefore made the recovery of Alsace and Lorraine a central plank of French strategy”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/lorraine.htm] and the Germans making a Schlieffen Plan to match it. These just shows how important the Western Front was because the French tried to recapture the long lost cities in Alsace and Lorraine in that front.
The Western Front also had some of the events happen for the first time in World War 1. One is, (“The Battle of Haelen, known as ‘The Battle of the Silver Helmets”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/haelen.htm] which was the first battle in the war that included cavalry (horses). Another one is The Battle of Liege, which like I stated earlier was the first land battle of the war. Coincidently, the Belgians won both of those battles. During the Battle of Vimy Ridge, the Canadians seeing all that land took advantage and (“they issued on the eastern slopes of Vimy Ridge – the first allied troops to look down upon the level plain of Douai since the German occupation in 1914.”) From the Canadians records office. [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/vimy_warrecordsoffice.htm]. Not only the Canadians won the battle they controlled almost all of the Vimy Ridge. Also, when the English made a great attack with tanks that were so powerful the defender left his post, Paul Von Hindenburg said (“I had no doubt, however, that our men would soon get on level terms even with this new hostile weapon.”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/cambrai_hindenburg.htm]. The Allies really did good things with their firsts along the Western Front.
The Western Front also demonstrated the effort that was put forth in the war by the Allies. Their effort was shown through teamwork and shown individually. For example, during the last battle (The Battle of Epehy) that occurred on the Western Front, the British were heavily assisted by two divisions of the Australian Corps that were led through the centre of the advance. Also, the Americans (American Expeditionary Force) won their first major attack against the Germans when they were very inexperienced in the war. They entered the war in 1917 and they still were able to pull off a victory. After the Allies won the Second Battle of the Marne General Charles Mangin Addressed the Americans in saying (“You have shown yourselves to be worthy sons of your great country and have gained the admiration of your brothers in arms.”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/marne2_mangin1.htm]. During the Second Battle of the Marne, the Allies showed their toughness and effort (In spite of bad fortune in weather at the beginning of the day, so bad that there was no visibility for the airmen, and our men had to struggle forward in a heavy rainstorm, the first attacks have been successful…) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/vimy_gibbs.htm]. They showed that they would fight no matter what condition and fight just as hard. During the Second Battle of the Aisne, Erich Ludendorff said how honorable the British are and (“Our infantry powerfully led and excellently supported by its sister and auxiliary arm, showed itself fully equal to its tasks.”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/champagne3_ludendorff.htm]. Even with most of their trenches being destroyed the British still won the battle.
The Allies began to take advantage of the Germans declining power towards the end of the war. It became more and more difficult for the Germans to keep fighting when they were running out of troops. During the Third Battle of Ypres (Passchendaele) in 1917, the Allies lost 310,000 soliders and the Germans lost 260,000 soliders but the Germans still couldn’t seem to handle all of the intensity that was coming from the allies. That proves the quote in which Erich Ludendorff said (“The fighting on the western front became more severe than any the Germany army had yet experienced.”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/ypres3_ludendorff.htm]. General Sir John Davison acknowledged the British’s effort during this same battle saying this battle was (“the one in which the British held the German Army in its grip, closed with it, and fixed it to its ground,”) [http://www.firstworldwar.com/battles/ypres3davidson.htm].
So to close my statement it was to an important extent that the Western Front was
the most important front in the Allied War effort. The Allies won battles when they
needed to. They won battles with tanks and battle in the storm. When they lost
against the Germans they would come back ten times harder. Towards the end of the
war they finished off the Germans when they needed to. They even won against
numbers. The Allies efforts against the Central powers in the Great War in the
Western Front could explain why the Allies went on to win the entire war. The
Western Front is that famous!